HTTP Module

Basic HTTP client module.

Provides an interface to do basic GET/POST/PUT/DELETE over HTTP(S), as well as customized requests. Due to the memory constraints on ESP8266, the supported page/body size is limited to 1k. Attempting to receive pages larger than this limit will fail. If larger page/body sizes are necessary, consider using net.createConnection() and stream in the data.

Each request method takes a callback which is invoked when the response has been received from the server. The first argument is the status code, which is either a regular HTTP status code, or -1 to denote a DNS, connection or out-of-memory failure, or a timeout (currently at 10 seconds).

For each operation it is also possible to include custom headers. Note that following headers can not be overridden however: - Host - Connection - User-Agent

The Host header is taken from the URL itself, the Connection is always set to close, and the User-Agent is ESP8266.

Note that it is not possible to execute concurrent HTTP requests using this module. Starting a new request before the previous has completed will result in undefined behaviour.

See also

http.delete()

Executes a HTTP delete request.

Syntax

http.delete(url, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.delete('https://connor.example.com/john',
  "",
  "",
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0)
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.get()

Executes a HTTP GET request.

Syntax

http.get(url, headers, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.get("https://www.vowstar.com/nodemcu/", nil, function(code, data)
    if (code < 0)
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.post()

Executes a HTTP POST request.

Syntax

http.post(url, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.post('http://json.example.com/something',
  'Content-Type: application/json\r\n',
  '{"hello":"world"}',
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0)
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.put()

Executes a HTTP PUT request.

Syntax

http.put(url, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.put('http://db.example.com/items.php?key=deckard',
  'Content-Type: text/plain\r\n',
  'Hello!\nStay a while, and listen...\n',
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0)
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.request()

Execute a custom HTTP request for any HTTP method.

Syntax

http.request(url, method, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • method The HTTP method to use, e.g. "GET", "HEAD", "OPTIONS" etc
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.request("https://www.example.com", "HEAD", "", "", function(code, data)
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0)
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)