node Module

The node module provides access to system-level features such as sleep, restart and various info and IDs.

node.bootreason()

Returns the boot reason and extended reset info.

The first value returned is the raw code, not the new "reset info" code which was introduced in recent SDKs. Values are:

  • 1, power-on
  • 2, reset (software?)
  • 3, hardware reset via reset pin
  • 4, WDT reset (watchdog timeout)

The second value returned is the extended reset cause. Values are:

  • 0, power-on
  • 1, hardware watchdog reset
  • 2, exception reset
  • 3, software watchdog reset
  • 4, software restart
  • 5, wake from deep sleep
  • 6, external reset

In general, the extended reset cause supercedes the raw code. The raw code is kept for backwards compatibility only. For new applications it is highly recommended to use the extended reset cause instead.

In case of extended reset cause 3 (exception reset), additional values are returned containing the crash information. These are, in order, EXCCAUSE, EPC1, EPC2, EPC3, EXCVADDR, and DEPC.

Syntax

node.bootreason()

Parameters

none

Returns

rawcode, reason [, exccause, epc1, epc2, epc3, excvaddr, depc ]

Example

_, reset_reason = node.bootreason()
if reset_reason == 0 then print("Power UP!") end

node.chipid()

Returns the ESP chip ID.

Syntax

node.chipid()

Parameters

none

Returns

chip ID (number)

node.compile()

Compiles a Lua text file into Lua bytecode, and saves it as .lc file.

Syntax

node.compile("file.lua")

Parameters

filename name of Lua text file

Returns

nil

Example

file.open("hello.lua","w+")
file.writeline([[print("hello nodemcu")]])
file.writeline([[print(node.heap())]])
file.close()

node.compile("hello.lua")
dofile("hello.lua")
dofile("hello.lc")

node.dsleep()

Enters deep sleep mode, wakes up when timed out.

The maximum sleep time is 4294967295us, ~71 minutes. This is an SDK limitation. Firmware from before 05 Jan 2016 have a maximum sleeptime of ~35 minutes.

Note:

This function can only be used in the condition that esp8266 PIN32(RST) and PIN8(XPD_DCDC aka GPIO16) are connected together. Using sleep(0) will set no wake up timer, connect a GPIO to pin RST, the chip will wake up by a falling-edge on pin RST.

Syntax

node.dsleep(us, option)

Parameters

  • us number (integer) or nil, sleep time in micro second. If us == 0, it will sleep forever. If us == nil, will not set sleep time.

  • option number (integer) or nil. If nil, it will use last alive setting as default option.

    • 0, init data byte 108 is valuable
    • > 0, init data byte 108 is valueless
    • 0, RF_CAL or not after deep-sleep wake up, depends on init data byte 108
    • 1, RF_CAL after deep-sleep wake up, there will belarge current
    • 2, no RF_CAL after deep-sleep wake up, there will only be small current
    • 4, disable RF after deep-sleep wake up, just like modem sleep, there will be the smallest current

Returns

nil

Example

--do nothing
node.dsleep()
--sleep μs
node.dsleep(1000000)
--set sleep option, then sleep μs
node.dsleep(1000000, 4)
--set sleep option only
node.dsleep(nil,4)

node.flashid()

Returns the flash chip ID.

Syntax

node.flashid()

Parameters

none

Returns

flash ID (number)

node.heap()

Returns the current available heap size in bytes. Note that due to fragmentation, actual allocations of this size may not be possible.

Syntax

node.heap()

Parameters

none

Returns

system heap size left in bytes (number)

node.info()

Returns NodeMCU version, chipid, flashid, flash size, flash mode, flash speed.

Syntax

node.info()

Parameters

none

Returns

  • majorVer (number)
  • minorVer (number)
  • devVer (number)
  • chipid (number)
  • flashid (number)
  • flashsize (number)
  • flashmode (number)
  • flashspeed (number)

Example

majorVer, minorVer, devVer, chipid, flashid, flashsize, flashmode, flashspeed = node.info()
print("NodeMCU "..majorVer.."."..minorVer.."."..devVer)

node.input()

Submits a string to the Lua interpreter. Similar to pcall(loadstring(str)), but without the single-line limitation.

Note:

This function only has an effect when invoked from a callback. Using it directly on the console does not work.

Syntax

node.input(str)

Parameters

str Lua chunk

Returns

nil

Example

sk:on("receive", function(conn, payload) node.input(payload) end)

See also

node.output()

node.key() --deprecated

Defines action to take on button press (on the old devkit 0.9), button connected to GPIO 16.

This function is only available if the firmware was compiled with DEVKIT_VERSION_0_9 defined.

Syntax

node.key(type, function())

Parameters

  • type: type is either string "long" or "short". long: press the key for 3 seconds, short: press shortly(less than 3 seconds)
  • function: user defined function which is called when key is pressed. If nil, remove the user defined function. Default function: long: change LED blinking rate, short: reset chip

Returns

nil

Example

node.key("long", function() print('hello world') end)

See also

node.led()

node.led() --deprecated

Sets the on/off time for the LED (on the old devkit 0.9), with the LED connected to GPIO16, multiplexed with node.key().

This function is only available if the firmware was compiled with DEVKIT_VERSION_0_9 defined.

Syntax

node.led(low, high)

Parameters

  • low LED off time, LED keeps on when low=0. Unit: milliseconds, time resolution: 80~100ms
  • high LED on time. Unit: milliseconds, time resolution: 80~100ms

Returns

nil

Example

-- turn led on forever.
node.led(0)

See also

node.key()

node.output()

Redirects the Lua interpreter output to a callback function. Optionally also prints it to the serial console.

Note:

Do not attempt to print() or otherwise induce the Lua interpreter to produce output from within the callback function. Doing so results in infinite recursion, and leads to a watchdog-triggered restart.

Syntax

node.output(function(str), serial_debug)

Parameters

  • output_fn(str) a function accept every output as str, and can send the output to a socket (or maybe a file).
  • serial_debug 1 output also show in serial. 0: no serial output.

Returns

nil

Example

function tonet(str)
  sk:send(str)
end
node.output(tonet, 1)  -- serial also get the lua output.
-- a simple telnet server
s=net.createServer(net.TCP)
s:listen(2323,function(c)
   con_std = c
   function s_output(str)
      if(con_std~=nil)
         then con_std:send(str)
      end
   end
   node.output(s_output, 0)   -- re-direct output to function s_ouput.
   c:on("receive",function(c,l)
      node.input(l)           -- works like pcall(loadstring(l)) but support multiple separate line
   end)
   c:on("disconnection",function(c)
      con_std = nil
      node.output(nil)        -- un-regist the redirect output function, output goes to serial
   end)
end)

See also

node.input()

node.readvdd33() --deprecated

Moved to adc.readvdd33().

node.restart()

Restarts the chip.

Syntax

node.restart()

Parameters

none

Returns

nil

node.restore()

Restores system configuration to defaults. Erases all stored WiFi settings, and resets the "esp init data" to the defaults. This function is intended as a last-resort without having to reflash the ESP altogether.

This also uses the SDK function system_restore(), which doesn't document precisely what it erases/restores.

Syntax

node.restore()

Parameters

none

Returns

nil

Example

node.restore()
node.restart() -- ensure the restored settings take effect

node.setcpufreq()

Change the working CPU Frequency.

Syntax

node.setcpufreq(speed)

Parameters

speed constant 'node.CPU80MHZ' or 'node.CPU160MHZ'

Returns

target CPU frequency (number)

Example

node.setcpufreq(node.CPU80MHZ)

node.stripdebug()

Controls the amount of debug information kept during node.compile(), and allows removal of debug information from already compiled Lua code.

Only recommended for advanced users, the NodeMCU defaults are fine for almost all use cases.

Syntax

node.stripdebug([level[, function]])

Parameters

  • level
    • 1, don't discard debug info
    • 2, discard Local and Upvalue debug info
    • 3, discard Local, Upvalue and line-number debug info
  • function a compiled function to be stripped per setfenv except 0 is not permitted.

If no arguments are given then the current default setting is returned. If function is omitted, this is the default setting for future compiles. The function argument uses the same rules as for setfenv().

Returns

If invoked without arguments, returns the current level settings. Otherwise, nil is returned.

Example

node.stripdebug(3)
node.compile('bigstuff.lua')

See also

node.compile()