HTTP Module

Since Origin / Contributor Maintainer Source
2016-01-15 esphttpclient / Vowstar Vowstar http.c

Basic HTTP client module that provides an interface to do GET/POST/PUT/DELETE over HTTP(S), as well as customized requests. Due to the memory constraints on ESP8266, the supported page/body size is limited by available memory. Attempting to receive pages larger than this will fail. If larger page/body sizes are necessary, consider using net.createConnection() and stream in the data.

Attention

It is not possible to execute concurrent HTTP requests using this module. Starting a new request before the previous has completed will result in undefined behavior. Use node.task.post() in the callbacks of your calls to start subsequent calls if you want to chain them (see #1258).

Each request method takes a callback which is invoked when the response has been received from the server. The first argument is the status code, which is either a regular HTTP status code, or -1 to denote a DNS, connection or out-of-memory failure, or a timeout (currently at 10 seconds).

For each operation it is possible to provide custom HTTP headers or override standard headers. By default the Host header is deduced from the URL and User-Agent is ESP8266. Note, however, that the Connection header can not be overridden! It is always set to close.

HTTP redirects (HTTP status 300-308) are followed automatically up to a limit of 20 to avoid the dreaded redirect loops.

SSL/TLS support

Take note of constraints documented in the net module.

http.delete()

Executes a HTTP DELETE request. Note that concurrent requests are not supported.

Syntax

http.delete(url, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.delete('http://httpbin.org/delete',
  "",
  "",
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0) then
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.get()

Executes a HTTP GET request. Note that concurrent requests are not supported.

Syntax

http.get(url, headers, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.get("http://httpbin.org/ip", nil, function(code, data)
    if (code < 0) then
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.post()

Executes a HTTP POST request. Note that concurrent requests are not supported.

Syntax

http.post(url, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.post('http://httpbin.org/post',
  'Content-Type: application/json\r\n',
  '{"hello":"world"}',
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0) then
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.put()

Executes a HTTP PUT request. Note that concurrent requests are not supported.

Syntax

http.put(url, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.put('http://httpbin.org/put',
  'Content-Type: text/plain\r\n',
  'Hello!\nStay a while, and listen...\n',
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0) then
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)

http.request()

Execute a custom HTTP request for any HTTP method. Note that concurrent requests are not supported.

Syntax

http.request(url, method, headers, body, callback)

Parameters

  • url The URL to fetch, including the http:// or https:// prefix
  • method The HTTP method to use, e.g. "GET", "HEAD", "OPTIONS" etc
  • headers Optional additional headers to append, including \r\n; may be nil
  • body The body to post; must already be encoded in the appropriate format, but may be empty
  • callback The callback function to be invoked when the response has been received; it is invoked with the arguments status_code and body

Returns

nil

Example

http.request("http://httpbin.org", "HEAD", "", "", 
  function(code, data)
    if (code < 0) then
      print("HTTP request failed")
    else
      print(code, data)
    end
  end)