pipe Module

Since Origin / Contributor Maintainer Source
2019-07-18 Terry Ellison Terry Ellison pipe.c

The pipe module provides a RAM-efficient means of passing character stream of records from one Lua task to another.

pipe.create()

Create a pipe.

Syntax

pobj = pipe.create([CB_function],[task_priority])

Parameters

  • CB_function optional reader callback which is called through the node.task.post() when the pipe is written to. If the CB returns a boolean, then the reposting action is forced: it is reposted if true and not if false. If the return is nil or omitted then the deault is to repost if a pipe write has occured since the last call.
  • task_priority See ǹode.task.post()

Returns

A pipe resource.

pobj:read()

Read a record from a pipe object.

Note that the recommended method of reading from a pipe is to use a reader function as described below.

Syntax

pobj:read([size/end_char])

Parameters

  • size/end_char
    • If numeric then a string of size length will be returned from the pipe.
    • If a string then this is a single character delimiter, followed by an optional "+" flag. The delimiter is used as an end-of-record to split the character stream into separate records. If the flag "+" is specified then the delimiter is also returned at the end of the record, otherwise it is discarded.
  • If omitted, then this defaults to "\n+"

Note that if the last record in the pipe is missing a delimiter or is too short, then it is still returned, emptying the pipe.

Returns

A string or nil if the pipe is empty

Example

line = pobj:read('\n')
line = pobj:read(50)

pobj:reader()

Returns a Lua iterator function for a pipe object. This is as described in the Lua Language: For Statement. (Note that the state and object variables mentioned in 2.5.4 are optional and default to nil, so this conforms to thefor iterator syntax and works in a for because it maintains the state and pobj internally as upvalues.

An emptied pipe takes up minimal RAM resources (an empty Lua array), and just like any other array this is reclaimed if all variables referencing it go out of scope or are over-written. Note that any reader iterators that you have created also refer to the pipe as an upval, so you will need to discard these to descope the pipe array.

Syntax

myFunc = pobj:reader([size/end_char])

Parameters

  • size/end_char as for pobj:read()

Returns

  • myFunc iterator function

Examples

  • used in for loop:
for rec in p:reader() do print(rec) end
-- or
fp = p:reader()
-- ...
for rec in fp do print(rec) end
  • used in callback task:
do
  local pipe_reader = p:reader(1400)
  local function flush(sk)  -- Upvals flush, pipe_reader
    local next = pipe_reader()
    if next then
      sk:send(next, flush)
    else
      sk:on('sent') -- dereference to allow GC
      flush = nil
    end
  end
  flush()
end

pobj:unread()

Write a string to the head of a pipe object. This can be used to back-out a previous read.

Syntax

pobj:unread(s)

Parameters

s Any input string. Note that with all Lua strings, these may contain all character values including "\0".

Returns

Nothing

Example

a=p:read()
p:unread(a) -- restores pipe to state before the read

pobj:write()

Write a string to a pipe object.

Syntax

pobj:write(s)

Parameters

s Any input string. Note that with all Lua strings, these may contain all character values including "\0".

Returns

Nothing